Frequently Asked Questions
What is Front-End Web Development?
Front-end developers are responsible for optimizing and tailoring the sweet spot proportion of an attractive user interface.
What Does a front end-Web Developer Do?
Front-end web developers are generally responsible for implementing essential visual elements and UI designs that enable seamless interactivity and functionality with a web application.
Though many people start getting into software programming to create the next Angry Birds, emerging application development trends show that the industry has much more to offer.
Software development is a booming market. In 2020, the application development market was valued at $168.6 billion, with the United States market alone making up approximately 30% of the total share.
The industry isn’t slowing down anytime soon. And by 2027, the market will have quadrupled in size.
Surely, crediting mobile app development by itself with all this growth is unreasonable.
Instead, the software industry thrives off the innovation of new and alluring advanced technologies.
The following piece will summarize 19 application development trends that will drive the growth of the software development market, this year and beyond. Stay tuned!
1. Internet of Things (IoT)
Remember the Disney family movie Smart Home? Maybe not. But that 1999 film was perhaps the earliest mainstream example of IoT in action.
You can find the internet of things (IoT) in the most unlikely places. But that’s sort of the point.
IoT references physical objects that are embedded with digital technology and operate via a system network.
Because of IoT, sensors, radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags, and other intelligent software work with commonplace items — often within your own household — to enhance your lifestyle.
For example, while a classic refrigerator simply stores food in a cool environment, a smart fridge might use sensors to make ice when necessary or adjust its internal temperature. Some smart fridges even display interactive content.
By definition, the internet of things is when an otherwise mere mechanical device communicates with the internet to perform a task.
As an illustration, your smartphone in absence of a GPS to receive directional data from afar or without the algorithms it requires to identify your face in a group selfie would not be much more than a hunk of plastic and metal.
Kevin Ashton coined the term ‘internet of things’ in 1999 (ironically the same year Smart Home was released) but it took nearly a decade for the idea to really take hold.
Its widespread popularity thereafter is largely because Google started co-opting user data for their StreetView service. Indexing the physical world in digital space was not only sneaky, but genius.
Wearable technology has not fallen out of fashion since the initial release of the Fitbit Flex in 2013.
Now, Apple Watches (and other smartwatches), virtual reality (VR) boxes, smart jewelry, and Google Glass serve as prominent examples of wearable technology, or wearables.
To put it simply, wearables are electronic devices that are worn close to or on the skin. They are smart devices, much like a smartphone, but they happen to be a fashion piece as well.
Wearables are a prime example of IoT, and fitness trackers especially, use the internet to send and retrieve relevant user data.
3. Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to a machine’s ability to mirror the human mind.
Less developed AIs cannot do much more than perform simple tasks. But more complex AIs can have a full, organic conversation with a human interlocutor.
An example of a simple AI is a manufacturing robot or a self-driving car. These machines are built with specific criteria in mind, so their intelligence doesn’t exactly mirror the human mind, but they’re still able to do things that a traditional machine could not.
A more advanced example of an AI would be a digital assistant. AIs like Google Assistant, Siri, and Alexa are digital assistants that can help you with a number of miscellaneous tasks.
No doubt, the future will bring about the kind of artificial intelligence you’ve already previewed in science fiction movies: humanoid robots that can be helpful companions in and around the house.
Chatbots tend to rely heavily on AI technology. This is because the goal of chatbots is to conduct conversations with humans to address their inquiries in a customer service model.
Organizations embed chatbot apps into websites, mobile apps, and operating systems.
Further, chatbots can be beneficial in numerous ways. First, they cut down on operational costs.
While your human-led team can handle customer service requests that need more hands-on assistance, your chatbot can answer frequently asked questions with a human-like charm.
In this way, chatbots also enhance the user experience, bridging the gap between your business and your clients.
5. Augmented Reality (AR)
Augmented reality (AR) combines both real-world and virtual environments. The experience is interactive and presents computer-generated objects and other perceptual structures in one’s natural reality.
Pokémon GO, for instance, illustrates Pokémon and other visual elements of the game within your physical landscape, augmenting reality in effect.
Besides games, the U.S. Army is working with augmented reality to enhance the night vision of soldiers and guide them in making distinctions between enemies and friendly troops.
In general, businesses can employ AR for marketing campaigns. The IKEA app uses augmented reality for users to test products virtually inside their homes.
Likewise, L’Oréal has a virtual makeup app that uses AR for users to see how makeup will appear on their faces.
6. Virtual Reality (VR)
Virtual reality (VR) is a means of stimulating a seemingly real-life experience through virtual technology.
Video games especially have taken the most advantage of VR technology. But there are a great many industries using virtual reality from car manufacturers charting road scenarios to educators using virtual learning games.
You’re probably already familiar with VR headsets, where movement and depth perception influence the user experience in an artificial world.
In this way, VR takes characteristics from augmented reality in that it supplies an interactive experience that is enhanced by real-world sensations.
7. Cloud Computing
Cloud computing is an application development trend that has been here for a minute, but every day cloud technology grows more advanced.
Typically, cloud computing can fall under one of three advanced technologies: infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform as a service (PaaS), and software as a service (SaaS).
A good example of IaaS is Amazon Web Services which powers a large part of the web by hosting data centers offsite. Websites access this infrastructure through the cloud and thus have much lower startup costs.
Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) is likely the most notorious form of CaaS although you may have never heard of VoIP before. VoIP is a method of delivering multimedia messaging via Internet Protocol networks.
Facebook messaging, Skype, and Discord are likely familiar examples of CaaS that you’ve used personally.
PaaS, particularly, stands out among cloud technologies. This is because it is a technology for creating applications. Google App Engine is one example of a cloud service where developers can build software applications.
The major advantage of cloud computing, in general, is the ability to abstract services to the effect that providers can give their clients on-demand tools without onsite maintenance, infrastructure, or installing a heavyweight application.
8. Beacon Technology
Beacon technology is a multi-faceted application development trend that’s hard to describe in few words. Beacons themselves are minuscule wireless transmitters that send low-energy emissions to smart devices.
With bluetooth technology, a beacon can make connections with smartphones and give alerts.
Beacons were first introduced in 2013 by way of Apple’s iBeacon. But now pretty much any smartphone can make use of beacons.
Retailers might use beacons to notify customers entering a store of new deals. Or even track user behavior as a customer shops and push them to buy a certain product.
Overall, beacon technology is a great ploy for proximity marketing. It’s yet another way to improve your customers’ shopping experience.
9. Mobile Wallets
Mobile wallets provide a secure and streamlined way to make in-store payments. Mobile or virtual wallets are connected to your bank, debit card, or credit card information.
You can use mobile wallets in turn for card payments or cash. The rise of mobile wallets has prompted some stores to go completely cashless.
In many of these stores, the preferred cashless form of payment is not cards, but mobile apps such as Apple Pay, Google Pay, and Android Pay.
The disadvantage of this application development trend, however, is that those who cannot use mobile payments are often left out of the equation. Sometimes patrons have phones with limited functionalities or lack a cell phone altogether.
Naturally, the houseless population usually fares the worst in cashless stores. That said, there’s no harm in providing the option for mobile payments as an alternative to cash payments.
And the benefits of mobile wallets are speedy, one-click, safe, and secure payments.
Note that mobile commerce and mobile wallets are not one and the same but mobile commerce can involve mobile wallets; that is, when mobile commerce utilizes mobile payment.
10. Mobile Commerce
Mobile commerce, sometimes referred to as mcommerce or m-commerce, is the use of mobile devices to make financial transactions.
You may look at your banking information everyday online without thinking twice or have the Amazon app handy on your phone. But you should not underestimate the splendor and convenience of handheld electronic commerce.
Online shopping is great enough as it is, but doing so from the comfort of your smartphone elicits all the more accessibility. For this reason, mobile commerce drives nearly half of all e-commerce.
From using mobile payments at your local store to purchasing groceries on the run, these are only a few of the merits of m-commerce.
11. 5G Technology
5G technology has been a hot topic for years, but most people don’t know what 5G entails.
By definition, 5G is the fifth generation technology standard for broadband cellular networks.
Or in short, it’s how your smartphone is changing the ways you interact with people and everything else in the digital realm.
Compared to 4g, 5G has faster speeds, higher bandwidth, and lower latency.
As far as application development goes, you can look forward to a better user experience due to the optimized performance.
IoT companies may also take advantage of this trend and use the perk of improved connectivity for new innovations.
12. Cross-Platform Development
Cross-platform development enables app developers to have a greater market of consumers.
In native development, mobile app developers can only build applications for distinct operating systems.
For example, iOS developers who want to build a mobile app for iPhone must make another app entirely for it to be compatible on an Android phone.
This is at least, what modern developers believe makes apps as performant and functional as they can be.
But cross-platform development tools like Flutter and React Native promise to help developers make high-performing, fully functional cross-platform apps.
13. Foldable Devices
Smartphone companies have been unusually enthusiastic about foldable technology lately.
Samsung is by far the most infamous manufacturer of these oddly shaped mobile devices.
The Galaxy Fold was released by Samsung in 2019, as the first foldable smartphone available to the public.
The perks of a foldable phone are profoundly unique. Foldable phones allow for compact storing, dual screen capabilities, and wide screen viewing for multimedia content.
14. Machine Learning
Machine learning is a subset of AI where computers learn from experience — much like a human person — using algorithms.
Groundbreaking research where machine learning is concerned emerged in 1962, when Robert Nealey trained his computer to play checkers. He lost.
Now the capacity of machine learning is truly impressive. It’s used for speech recognition, medical diagnoses, and even self-driving cars.
15. Progressive Web Apps (PWAs)
Progressive web apps (PWAs) are a particular type of web app that share traits with traditional websites.
While a standard web app is meant to be both interactive and web-accessible, PWAs tend to be static-like, similar to websites.
However, the advantage of PWAs is that they operate much faster than a traditional web app would, enhancing the user experience.
16. Low-Code Development
Low-code development is a development style that relies on low-code platforms.
Low-code platforms use drag-and-drop graphical interfaces to mitigate the need for writing actual code.
This mode of development empowers non-tech savvy business users and individuals to create the software they need without professional expertise or heavy documentation.
17. Improved Cybersecurity for Remote Workers
Cybersecurity has always been a big deal, especially for those who work in tech.
Remote workers especially have to pay attention to cybersecurity the most, because work-from-home networks might not be the most secure.
Data breaches are far too common, and they can be devastating for companies and consumers alike.
But now that businesses are getting smarter, modern application development trends aid them in reducing risk.
For example, cloud applications are great for maintaining a high level of cybersecurity.
And on that note, blockchain is also helpful in securing transactions that take place.
18. Blockchain Technology
Blockchain technology is not new, but it is thriving in cryptocurrency currency circles now more than ever.
The main driving point behind blockchain technology is that you can use a decentralized network of ‘blocks’ to store data.
Blockchain is a secure, cheap, and cloud-based solution for transactions of all kinds, financial or otherwise.
19. Touchless UIs
Ironically, just a decade ago, people were amazed at the idea of smartphones that could respond to dirty fingers.
Well, that’s old now. Now, the tech world is looking at the next best thing — touchless UI.
Instead of responding to touch, these user interfaces (UI) would respond to voice or gesture-based activity.
Touchless UIs will definitely change the game, especially for those with accessibility concerns.
How Do API Integrations Power Application Development?
Just about every one of the application development trends above have API integrations at their heart. API integrations serve as a bridge connecting different software platforms.
In this way, APIs power application development and they are the quintessential drivers of digital ecosystems.
For example, in cloud computing, cloud APIs access cloud services through the web and further the deployment of SaaSmodels all around.
Or in wearables, APIs facilitate the connection between what the user is wearing and the user’s smartphone, which will save all the important data the wearable collects.
Even with mobile commerce, APIs integrate websites and applications with mobile payment software. And mobile wallets use APIs to enable your phone to make financial transactions.
These are only a few examples of how APIs work. But hopefully, you get the idea: APIs are paving the way for a grand digital transformation of the modern technological landscape.
Make sure to watch out for these 10 application development trends that will bolster the tech industry in the coming years.
Many of the advanced technologies you saw today have been around for some time now. But as time moves forward, their maturity will only grow deeper and unfettered potential will surface.
Do you see yourself building one of these advanced technologies in the near future? Trio can help you fulfill your vision effectively and efficiently with the best Senior Developers.
9 min read
Web app development empowers web-based projects to perform and act similarly to a mobile app. Web applications engage users, prioritizing responsive interactions, but are still delivered through the internet over a network.
You can say that web app development is the posterity of web development. While web development and web app development share similarities, web app development is by definition more dynamic than traditional web development can offer.
Both are important, but knowing the difference will help you understand what web app development is as well as whether or not it sounds like a good idea for your business.
What Is a Web Application?
A web application is an interactive app built using web development technologies that users can access from their browser.
Web apps have the typical front-end and back-end web development technologies. In theory, web apps are closely related to websites, thus web app development and web development share many characteristics.
However, web apps operate on any device in a mode that is distinctly different than that of a traditional website.
What's the Difference Between a Web App and a Wesbite?
Web apps are designed to be interactive whereas a website’s primary purpose is to present information.
Distinguishing one from the other is admittedly nit-picky, but once you start recognizing the difference you’ll see why it matters.
Ironically, learning a bit more about mobile development will be handy for learning about web app development. For instance, do you know the difference between native and hybrid apps?
Native apps are mobile apps that are specifically built for the platforms they run on. In effect, developers must employ native technologies to use them — the Swift programming language for iOS, or the Java programming language for Android.
The disadvantage of native apps is that companies that build natively must develop different apps for different platforms, as each app will require a different codebase in its native language.
Hybrid apps provide a solution for quicker development. Hybrid apps take advantage of both native and web technologies and as a result, they can extend multi-platform compatibility.
Web apps are neither of these things. Web app developers solely make use of web technologies. However, web applications place a certain focus on user interaction, just like a mobile app, and not like a traditional website at all.
Traditional websites may have users who scroll or click to consume more information, or they may even enter an email address or perhaps more personal information for an online purchase.
But a web app optimizes the user experience (UX) so users can do much more. And web apps must be dynamically updated to handle these sorts of interactions.
For example, you’ll notice that using Twitter or Facebook from a web browser is a more captivating experience than clicking onto the website of your local pizzeria. That’s because the former are web apps and the latter is a website.
What Are Progressive Web Apps (PWAs)?
Progressive web apps (PWAs) are a particular type of web app that is fairly modern in the digital world. PWAs combine desirable features of both native and hybrid apps.
Like any web app should, PWAs reside in a web browser. Users can access PWAs there like any website.
Still, having a PWA means going through the classic download and install process that users expect with mobile apps. But this is a good thing as PWAs can always be readily available from the user’s device.
Both the Google Play Store and the Microsoft Store welcome PWAs to their platform. So in some ways, a PWA is like a mobile app.
Progressive web apps launch from a user’s device without the need to open a web browser first and they can send push notifications directly to your mobile device. They can also work offline and load in a jiffy.
According to Frances Barriman and Alex Russell, the original Google engineers who gave PWAs their name, PWAs fit the following criteria:
- connectivity independent
- app-like interactions
What makes PWAs so alluring is their performance. A concept like web apps should be alluring in itself because of its cross-platform capabilities.
But in reality, most everyone in the software development industry believe web apps and hybrid apps have slower performance than native apps.
Progressive web apps defy this stereotype. Though it is important to keep in mind that PWAs do not intend to take mobile apps’ role.
No, PWAs are best defined as traditional websites in mobile app packaging. In this way, they are not as interactive as a conventional web app nor as boring or inaccessible as a standard website.
PWAs are unique in standing; they break the mold of what a web visitor or smartphone user anticipates.
What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Web Applications?
Web-based applications ultimately ease the development process. Businesses can give their users interactivity without having to use the time and resources necessary for building a mobile application.
That said, weighing the cons of web application development against the pros is still useful for getting the kinks ironed out.
Advantages of Web Apps
First, you should take a closer look at the advantages of web app development. You’ll find that web apps are an efficient option for boosting the UX of consumers who prize user engagement when it comes to their web browsing.
Users can access web apps from any device. Got a tablet? You can use a web app. Got a smartphone? You can use a web app. A laptop? Even better!
Basically, web apps are entirely multi-platform. They provide users with an entertaining exchange no matter the operating system, whether that be Android, iOS, PC, etc. so long as users maintain an internet connection.
Web apps do not need to be downloaded and installed. Or in the case of PWAs, the download and installation won’t be the equivalent of the app actually taking up space on your device.
While smartphones these days seem to be ever-increasing their storage space in what seem to be squared increments, some people simply don’t like the bloat of having lots of apps or otherwise, they just don’t have the space.
This reality also frees users from the obligation of constant updates. And with progressive web apps specifically, you can get many of the benefits of mobile apps with none of the hassle.
Once again, most mobile app developers and web developers are not one and the same. This is a shame because that means if you want the best of both worlds, you’ll always need at least twice as many developers or at least twice as much talent.
Oh, and if you want your mobile app to be featured on both the Apple App Store and Google Play Store, then that will require two distinct apps if you decide to go native.
This means that if you want both a website and a mobile app on all platforms, then you’ll need thrice as many resources.
Web app development circumvents these frustrations. There is strictly one codebase to work with.
Disadvantages of Web Apps
Of course, a pro and con list would be futile if there were only pros. Naturally, web app development has disadvantages too.
Despite all the praise, web apps cannot replace mobile apps and will operate a bit slower than an application that is hosted on a local server.
PWAs definitely try to mitigate this side effect, but there’s no veritable evidence that they’ve successfully eliminated this disadvantage altogether.
Generally, web apps need internet access to perform well or in most cases, to perform at all. Though PWAs do deter from this typecast, the most interactive of web apps will not respond if you don’t have a web connection.
Native technology will always carry an advantage over non-native technologies. Since web apps aren’t native, they don’t have the same capacity to collaborate effectively with the hardware and operating system of your specific device.
As system settings differ from one device to the next, and web apps are by definition multi-platform, developers plainly don’t program apps to work with such specifications.
3 Types of Web Applications
There are different types of web applications with different behaviors depending on how they’re built. While all these web application types still use web technologies they generally fall under the categories of client-side, server-side, or single-page applications.
Client-Side Web Apps
Client-side web apps are dominant in front-end development, meaning the user interface (UI) is the focus of these types of apps. They tend to prioritize UX and bring users high-performance levels.
Any data or business logic that the app might use to function is dynamically loaded at start-up.
As a result of client-side rendering, there is little to no buffering time for loading a page. This speeds up interactions with content, making the page markedly responsive.
Server-Side Web Apps
Server-side software is essentially synonymous with back-end development. Back-end development is composed of building the databases, servers, application programming interfaces (APIs), and any other background processes that occur in an application.
Though server-side applications by and large still display content and/or UIs, the most dynamic of code resides in the web server.
Server-side rendering (SSR) works well with static content as it can take some time for the web browser to send a request to the server and await an answer.
On the bright side, server-side web apps are normally more secure and offer more browser compatibility than client-side web apps.
A single-page application (SPA) differs from a traditional multi-page application where new pages load only when you click a link. Instead, SPAs have desirable advantages of both client-side apps and server-side apps.
SPAs wield their power from only one page, typically deploying an infinite scroll mechanism to display all its content.
Many web developers or web app developers exercise this faculty of SSR to build SPAs that do not require the entire page to reload in order to execute an action or fetch new data.
Web Apps Frameworks & Other Technologies
For full-stack web app development, your business will need the right front-end and back-end tools to see the process through. The frameworks and technologies below will be amply useful for building your web app.
On the front-end, the tools you should use for web app development and web development have remained roughly the same for a quarter of a century. But at the very least, you can bet they’re reliable!
HTML is another core technology of web development. HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is responsible for structuring the content of a web page.
A series of HTML elements describe to a web page how to display text, images, and in the latest version of HTML — HTML 5 — audio and video as well. HTML elements are most recognizable by the “<” and “>” characters.
Here’s a secret: if you’re on a desktop or laptop, right-click on any web page, press “View page source” and you will find a bunch of HTML embedded right into your browser.
Colors, layouts, and fonts are some of the integral characteristics of a web page or web app. CSS invokes these characteristics.
Back-end development features a wider range of technologies as back-end development comprises several components such as server-side programming, databases, web servers, and APIs.
Server-side or back-end programming languages must handle the functionality of a web app that takes place behind the scenes.
Back-end web development can involve working with databases to send and receive data from one end to the other, managing user connections and security authentications, and ultimately empowering the web application to perform as it should.
Java, Python, Ruby, and PHP are some of the most popular back-end languages. Many tech companies use more than just one of these languages but still, many side-by-side comparisons exist to examine their utility.
Databases store the data of an application. Back-end developers should be familiar with query languages that are able to request and retrieve data using queries.
Structured Query Language (SQL) is the go-to query language for the common web developer. SQL has many extensions or related versions extending additional functionality like MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Oracle.
Servers respond to network requests. Through the internet connection of a web application, a server retrieves information based on client requests and then serves the client — that is, you, your computer, or mobile device — whatever it is that you asked for.
While there isn’t a specific language for servers, all of the technologies that make up back-end development should absolutely have a good relationship with the servers they work with.
Web servers of note include Apache, Nginx, and Internet Information Services (IIS).
APIs facilitate connections between two or more software systems. An API integration is what fuels your Google Home’s communication with your Spotify playlist, for instance, or eBay’s collaboration with PayPal.
Again, APIs do not have a domain-specific language. Instead, developers create APIs using other back-end technologies and share them publicly with other developers or keep them closed to the organization they work for.
7 Steps To Developing Web Applications
To be frank, web application development is not altogether different from any other software development life cycle. A great team and well-defined procedures are nearly always what drive successful development.
1. Define Your Problem
Defining the problem you wish to solve or identifying exactly why you want consumers to use your web app is the first step in developing your web application.
People come up with new ideas all the time but is an idea really worth implementing if it doesn’t provide clever solutions to an existing issue?
2. Plan the Workflow
A workflow can establish a means of systematic organization for the various aspects of your web application development. Think about what your web app will consist of and how to meet those requirements using your resources and budget.
Because this is software development, your workflow should be both business-oriented and technical.
Adjust accordingly for the time frame in which you want your web app development to be completed. Create algorithms that will meticulously move your development forward.
3. Prototype Your Web App
Prototyping involves building an incomplete yet functional application to better understand what your final product might look like. In software development, a prototype is akin to a minimum viable product (MVP).
4. Validate Your Prototype
The idea is that your prototype should be impressive enough to give you the validation you need to continue your project knowing that people are already interested in what you have in store.
To do this, validate your prototype by presenting your web app to potential users. Gather feedback and work from there.
5. Build Your App
Research the software you should have ready at the helm to build your app. Consider which front-end and back-end frameworks and technologies can competently fulfill the requirements of your project.
Once you have found all your tools, it’s time to start developing. Build your web app!
6. Test Your App
Hopefully, testing your web application goes without saying. Many software development teams administer tests throughout the development life cycle, ensuring that each iteration of your web app is bug-free.
Software quality assurance is likewise an important part of building a web application. And this should happen before you release your app to the public.
7. Host & Launch Your Web Apps
In the same fashion as a website, a web app must be hosted on a web server. That means putting your web app into action requires purchasing a domain name and a hosting provider on the cloud.
4 Examples of Web Applications
Web applications are all around you. Learning how you use web apps from day to day can inspire the motivating concept behind your own web app.
Google Docs is the most infamous of this list. Via Google Docs, users can interact directly with the web app by editing and making suggestions on documents.
One of the noteworthy features of Google Docs is that it automatically saves any edits you make right after you make them. It’s almost impossible to lose your work.
Notion is gaining popularity quickly. It’s a web application that satisfies many needs and purposes. You can use Notion as a calendar, to-do list, notepad, wiki, and more.
The app operates using components that you can insert and make changes to from the convenience of your web browser.
Mailchimp is a marketing platform allowing marketers to send automated and targeted mass emails to their leads. Its UI is easily navigable for anyone who wants to set up an email marketing campaign.
Salesforce is a customer relationship management (CRM) service utilizing a software-as-a-service (SaaS) model.
Businesses can tender proficient customer service from the Salesforce web app and also integrate Salesforce into other technologies like HubSpot CMS, for one.
Need a recap? Here is an awesome video that can help you on your path on different ways of web app development:
Web app development is an idiosyncratic subset of web development that doesn’t quite align with what you’d expect from a website nor a mobile app.
There are several types of web apps. Aside from the game-changing progressive web apps, there are client-side web apps, server-side web apps, and even single-page applications.
Web apps are built using a combination of front-end and back-end technologies, and this alongside the software development process itself does not veer far from standard web development.
In fact, it’s probably the case that you’re already very much in the know about several prominent web apps that are in frequent use across the web.
Want to make your own web app? Contact Trio today to hire qualified senior Front-End developers who are skilled in the ways of web app development!
11 min read
Front-end technologies drive the success of almost any software infrastructure. Though back-end technologies allow software applications to run smoothly in the first place, users would hardly look twice at any software product if there was not a visually appealing graphical interface to draw them in.
Despite traditional society often sweeping the importance of creative work under the rug, it’s become exceedingly clear just how much the world relies on artistic prowess.
Of course, merging the interests of art with the technological innovation of the modern world leads to more pervasive outlets for both enterprises.
As an illustration, within the next decade, particularly spanning the years 2019-2029, the projected growth rate of employment for web developers and digital designers is 8%.
At first glance, this number may not appear to be staggering, but it is twice the average growth rate for all occupations.
Keeping this in mind, you should pay close attention to the front-end technologies that will foster successful software development for your upcoming project. Here you’ll find 11 front-end technologies to watch out for:
- React Native
What Is Front-End Development?
Front-end development comprises the part of web development that is visible to the end-user. Therefore, front-end developers are largely responsible for building user interfaces (UIs) that users can interact with.
Essentially, front-end development involves transforming back-end code into something that is easily navigable to the user via a graphical presentation.
While back-end development mostly works behind the scenes with servers, databases, and other internal structures, front-end development ensures that you’re able to use an application or website effectively.
Without the likes of front-end web development, you could be looking at an unsightly jumble of code right now. Instead, you have structured text with corresponding headers and an aesthetic blue theme to ground Trio’s affiliation.
A number of critical skills go into successful front-end development. Mobile-first and responsive web design (RWD), for example, are two design approaches that seek to align design elements appropriately to different screen sizes.
This is important to consider when you want web apps or websites to be accessible on both mobile devices and through web browsers.
In general, accessibility, speed, and performance, are crucial objectives that front-end development aims to achieve.
Along with several other front-end technologies, you’ll learn more about these core tools just below.
11 Best Front-End Technologies To Use In 2022
Quite frankly, there are hundreds of front-end technologies that you can employ in your next software project. And many of them would do just fine handling the workload you have in store. But none stand out as much as the following 11 front-end technologies:
Dynamic describes content that is susceptible to change, whereas static content is immovable.
Its basic purpose is to structure text which occurs by formatting documents for display on a web page.
HTML5, released in 2014, empowered HTML to natively include multimedia elements as well, such as video and audio. More or less, this development eliminated the need for Adobe Flash Player and similar plug-ins.
Every web page has HTML embedded into it as this markup is necessary for instructing a web browser how to display text, images, and other content onto a webpage.
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) denotes the styling and presentation of a document. For instance, any HTML document counts on CSS to manage the visual details of the web page.
Layouts, colors, and fonts are all under the jurisdiction of CSS. And CSS3 — the latest edition of CSS as of 2001 — modularized CSS specifications, giving developers more flexibility overall.
React uses the classic model-view-controller (MVC) architecture. In an MVC pattern, there is a separation of concerns between the presentation layer and the data access layer.
The presentation layer represents the view and the data access layer represents the model. Finally, the controller manages user interactions, pushing user input to the model and view so they can make updates accordingly.
MVC is a widespread architectural pattern for UIs. But one of React’s more unique features is its virtual DOM.
Document object models (DOMs) are application programming interfaces (APIs) that handle the way in which a document is accessed and manipulated. The DOM works with XML and HTML documents, treating them like a tree structure where each HTML element operates as an object.
DOM manipulation can be taxing on a system when it comes to syncing changes to an entire program. Virtual DOMs are an abstraction of the real thing that developers save in memory for more efficient manipulation before synchronization.
5. React Native
React Native is a mobile application framework, also the offspring of Facebook. Through React Native, mobile developers can build applications for Android, iOS, and a variety of other platforms from macOS to AndroidTV.
This means that React Native is a hybrid app development platform. To be sure, the primary objective of React Native is to enable native features on multiple platforms.
Most front-end technologies, and development tools altogether, struggle to maintain high performance when cross-platform compatibility enters the picture.
But the very name, React Native, suggests that Mark Zuckerberg — the notorious creator of Facebook — is very confident about React Native’s potential.
Other notable features of React Native are code reusability and fast refresh.
Of course, code reusability refers to the ability of React Native to share code between multiple platforms.
Fast refresh empowers React Native developers to see changes immediately as they are implemented.
Angular is a TypeScript web application framework, and a reliable component of the MEAN tech stack — or MongoDB, Express.js, Angular, And Node.js.
Instead of MVC, Angular uses a model-view-viewmodel (MVVM) design pattern. An MVVM pattern also distinguishes the graphical UI from the business logic.
But in absence of a controller, the view model notifies the view of any state changes by receiving notifications from the model.
Besides its architecture, Angular is quite a versatile framework. You can build progressive web apps or utilize the framework with technologies like Cordova, Ionic, or NativeScripy to build near-native mobile apps.
You can also use Angular to build desktop apps across Mac, Windows, and Linux platforms.
Another exceptional feature of the framework is Angular’s templates which developers can leverage to create UI views rapidly, aiding the software development team in becoming more productive.
Flutter is a UI software development kit (SDK) courtesy of Google. Along with Flutter, developers employ the speedy programming language Dart and the resourceful graphic engine Skia for building cross-platform apps.
Naturally, these Flutter attributes drastically reduce code development time. What’s more, Flutter’s ready-to-use widgets are markedly customizable and help save time as well.
In other words, Vue.js starts developers off with only the view layer. Any other software structure should be added in with supporting libraries and packages.
Vue.js designer Evan You created the project after using AngularJS. He decided to extract the best features from Angular and build something lightweight.
Developers like Vue.js because it is easy to complete small projects and just as easy to scale upwards.
Developers can take advantage of various front-end technologies like Angular, React, or Vue.js with Ionic at the helm for building user interfaces.
Cordova and Capacitor plug-ins play an equal part in Ionic’s dexterity. They host integral operating system features like GPS, camera, flashlight, etc.
Packaging app development within Cordova or Capacitor bridges simple UI building with extensive native tooling.
Bootstrap is a CSS framework with design templates for typography, forms, buttons, navigation, and similar interface modules.
You can think of Bootstrap as a toolkit for building the front-end of responsive sites with ease and speed. Themes and icons come equipped with Bootstrap's pre-built components.
To add, Bootstrap is mobile-first, meaning design is catered to mobile devices which has far more restrictions than web development. Thus, developers can expand design to fit the web rather than the other way around.
Front-end development is a non-negotiable component to building nearly any software. Whether or not you know the ins and outs of software development, front-end technologies will play a big part in the product you will ultimately release to an eager client base.
Take a good look at the front-end technologies summarized in this piece, and choose wisely. Remember that all of these front-end technologies depend on qualified front-end developers for effective use.
Trio is here to bring you the best senior front-end developers. Learn more about hiring front-end developers at Trio!
6 min read